We’ve compiled a list of reputable resources on various topics you’ve asked about. We’ll continue to edit and expand these resources as needed.

Citizen Science

Citizen science (CS) also known as crowd science, crowd-sourced science, civic science, volunteer monitoring or networked science) is scientific research conducted, in whole or in part, by amateur (or nonprofessional) scientists.

  • Citizen Science Projects - National Geographic Society Some current projects include: Bird Count, Monitor Water Quality, Frog and Toad Populations, Search Space, Collect Weather Data, Participate in a Field Survey, and more!
  • iNaturalist is a place where you can record what you see in nature, meet other nature lovers, and learn about the natural world.
  • Scaling Up Marsh Science Help us to better understand the ecology of the salt marsh. We have over 50,000 overlapping photographs of a salt marsh, taken every year starting in 2010, and need to align them to make mosaics so that we can create detailed maps for each year.
  • The Zooniverse - People Powered Research The Zooniverse is the world’s largest and most popular platform for people-powered research. This research is made possible by volunteers—hundreds of thousands of people around the world who come together to assist professional researchers. At the Zooniverse, anyone can be a researcher.

Climate Change

Climate Change is a change in global or regional climate patterns, in particular a change apparent from the mid to late 20th century onwards and attributed largely to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide produced by the use of fossil fuels.

  • Architecture 2030 Architecture 2030 is a non-profit organization established in response to the climate change crisis by architect Edward Mazria in 2002. Architecture 2030’s mission is to rapidly transform the global built environment from the major contributor of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to a central part of the solution to the climate crisis.
  • Berkeley Earth Berkeley Earth is an independent non-profit and was created to address potential biases in the land surface temperature record. We are now expanding scientific investigations, educating and communicating about climate change, and evaluating mitigation efforts in developing and developed economies.
  • Earth - the Operators’ Manual An operator’s manual helps keep your car or computer running at peak performance. Earth science can do the same for the planet. To illustrate the evidence and the way forward, host Richard Alley, takes viewers on a High-Definition trip around the globe, from New Zealand to New Orleans, telling the story of Earth’s climate history and our relationship with fossil fuels.
  • Earthquakes - U.S. Geological Survey Information about real-time earthquakes, online catalog search of archives, seismicity maps and statistics, U.S. faults, seismic hazards, tools for seismic design. The science of earthquakes, FAQ, glossary, links to earthquake topics, Earthquakes for kids. Research projects in the Earthquake Hazards Program, external research support, science center activities, software.
  • Global Change The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was established by Presidential Initiative in 1989 and mandated by Congress in the Global Change Research Act (GCRA) of 1990 to “assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.”
  • Global Weirding Global Weirding describes how the rise in average global temperature leads to all sorts of crazy things—from hotter heat spells to colder cold spells, more drought and intense flooding, as well as slow-onset changes such as ocean acidification and sea level rise. Also includes oddball things such as jellyfish clogging up the pipes of nuclear power plants, forcing them to shut down. The Global Weirding YouTube Channnel has new episodes every other Wednesday at 10 am Central.
  • High Country News High Country News is a nonprofit 501(c)3 independent media organization that covers the important issues and stories that define the American West. Its mission is to inform and inspire people — through in-depth journalism — to act on behalf of the West’s diverse natural and human communities.
  • iNaturalist is a place where you can record what you see in nature, meet other nature lovers, and learn about the natural world.
  • Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the international body for assessing the science related to climate change. The IPCC was set up in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to provide policymakers with regular assessments of the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts and future risks, and options for adaptation and mitigation.
  • Know Your Ocean - Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution The ocean covers more than 2/3 of Earth’s surface and is a fundamental reason why life exists on Earth — but much of it remains unexplored and under-appreciated.
  • MinuteEarth - (YouTube Channel) Science and stories about our awesome planet!
  • NASA The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. It’s YouTube channel, NASA TV airs a variety of regularly scheduled, pre-recorded educational and public relations programming 24 hours a day on its various channels.
  • Natural Hazards Center - University of Colorado Boulder Since 1976, the Natural Hazards Center has served as a national and international clearinghouse of knowledge concerning the social science and policy aspects of disasters. The Center collects and shares research and experience related to preparedness for, response to, recovery from, and mitigation of disasters, emphasizing the link between hazards mitigation and sustainability to both producers and users of research and knowledge on extreme events.
  • Polar Bears International Made up of a small group of passionate conservationists, scientists, and volunteers, PBI exists to help secure a future for polar bears across the Arctic.
  • Real Climate RealClimate is a commentary site on climate science by working climate scientists for the interested public and journalists. We aim to provide a quick response to developing stories and provide the context sometimes missing in mainstream commentary.
  • The Solutions Project The Solutions Project accelerates the transition to 100% clean energy by championing a movement that is more inclusive, more collaborative, and more celebratory. Through storytelling, grantmaking, and capacity building, we honor clean energy leaders, invest in promising solutions, and build relationships between unlikely allies.
  • The Story of Stuff Project We have a problem with Stuff: we have too much of it, too much of it is toxic and we don’t share it very well. But that’s not the way things have to be. Their Francisco Bay Area-based team inspires and encourages the civic engagement of the more than one million members of our global Community. We invite you to be inspired by and share our movies, participate in our study programs, and take part in campaigns on the environmental and social issues you care about.
  • Volcanoes - U.S. Geological Survey U.S. Volcanoes and current activity alerts.
  • Weather: Two Broadcast Meteorologists Working to Separate the Real from the Fake - American Geophysical Union (AGU) Blogosphere, Dan Satterfield In recent years, the topic of GLOBAL WARMING can stir up deep emotions within viewers and can bring some rather rough responses via e-mail and Facebook. TV meteorologists is often asked to provide their viewers with insight and explanations on earthquakes, meteors and comets, tsunamis and volcanoes. For many Americans, we are as close to a scientist as they will get, and they invite us into their living rooms.

Genetics and Evolution

Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity — how the characteristics of living things are transmitted from one generation to the next. Evolution is the change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations. Evolutionary processes give rise to tremendous biodiversity of species, individual organisms, and molecules.

  • Evolution: Darwin Day at the the University of Tennessee Darwin Day in Knoxville, Tennessee is a volunteer-run event dedicated to informing the public about evolution and its importance as a unifying concept in all of biology. Our goal is to disseminate factual information, in the context of a non-confrontational and rational discussion based on empirical evidence without pre-conceived ideological agendas or uncritical faith in the opinions of scientists, politicians, or clerics. In a state with past and recent legislative efforts to introduce faith-based ideologies into the science classrooms of public schools, these efforts are particularly important.
  • Genetic Literacy Project The Genetic Literacy Project (GLP) explores the intersection of DNA research and real world applications of genetics with the media and policy worlds in order to disentangle science from ideology. The commitment of the GLP is to promote public awareness and constructive discussion of genetics, biotechnology, evolution and science literacy.
  • Adriana Heguy’s Blog Adriana Heguy is a molecular biologist and a genomics researcher. She is the Director of the NYUMC Genome Technology Center and Professor of Pathology.
  • Learn.Genetics Genetic science learning center. This site covers topics like Genetics, human health, cell biology, Neuroscience, Ecology, and contains science tools, such as virtual labs and mathematics.
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information, including data from the Human Genome Project.
  • Race - Are We So Different? A new look at race through history, human variation, and lived experience. Race is a project of the American Anthropological Association.
  • SAPIENS SAPIENS is about the human world. It’s about how we communicate with each other, why we behave kindly and badly, where and when we evolved in the past, and how we live and continue to evolve today. It’s about the relationship between our laws and ethics, the cities we build, and the environment we depend on. It’s about why sex, sports, and violence consume and intrigue us, what life was like in centuries past, where we might be headed in centuries to come, and much more. SAPIENS is an editorially independent publication of the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research.
  • Understanding Evolution Understanding Evolution is a non-commercial, education website, teaching the science and history of evolutionary biology. This site is here to help you understand what evolution is, how it works, how it factors into your life, how research in evolutionary biology is performed, and how ideas in this area have changed over time. The site is a collaborative project of the University of California Museum of Paleontology and the National Center for Science Education.
  • World on the Move: 100,000 Years of Human Migration The American Anthropological Association (AAA) has developed a national public education initiative aiming to change the public conversation about an important, yet difficult topic — migration and displacement. The public conversation on issues surrounding migration and displacement is often shaped more by ideology and rhetoric than by evidence, leading to policies and practices that harm individuals, families, and communities. AAA aims to change the public conversation, with the goal of ultimately impacting inequitable policies and practices through insights gained from anthropological research.
  • Your Inner Fish How did your body become the complicated, quirky, amazing machine it is today? Anatomist Neil Shubin uncovers the answers in this new look at human evolution. Using fossils, embryos and genes, he reveals how our bodies are the legacy of ancient fish, reptiles and primates — the ancestors you never knew were in your family tree.

Genetic Engineering, Food, and Farming

Genetic Engineering (GE), also called Genetic Modification (GM), is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genome using biotechnology. It is a set of technologies used to change the genetic makeup of cells, including the transfer of genes within and across species boundaries to produce improved or novel organisms. GE is widely used in scientific research, and is used to produce medications as well as genetically modified crops used in agriculture.

  • Best Food Facts Consumers with a passion for food bringing you objective, fact-based information about food. Our goal is to load your plate with a balanced diet of data so that you can make informed choices for yourself and your family — at home, at the grocery store, at your favorite restaurant — and feel confident in your decisions based on an understanding of all sides of the smorgasbord of food issues.
  • Bringing light in the discussion about GMOs? - Alexander J. Stein Economist interested in agriculture, food, nutrition, health, technology, sustainability, economic development & poverty alleviation worldwide. This is a personal account; posts are not necessarily endorsements. More at
  • The Center for Food Integrity Consumers have questions about food — where it comes from, who’s producing it and how. Their healthy curiosity and skepticism is why we exist. It’s not about supporting a certain outcome. We don’t lobby or advocate on behalf of any brand or company or food production method. We simply want to make sure that consumers — in an environment where they are bombarded with contradictions — have the balanced information they need about food to make informed choices that are right for them and their families.
  • The Center for Food Integrity is a not-for-profit organization whose members and project partners represent the diversity of today’s food system — from farmers, ranchers and food companies to universities, non-governmental organizations, restaurants, retailers and food processors.
  • The Food Dialogues The U.S. Farmers & Ranchers Alliance (USFRA) consists of more than 100 farmer and rancher led organizations and agricultural partners representing virtually all aspects of agriculture, working to engage in dialogue with consumers who have questions about how today’s food is grown and raised. USFRA is committed to continuous improvement and supporting U.S. farmers and ranchers efforts to increase confidence and trust in today’s agriculture.
  • *Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects *(2016) - Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops: Past Experience and Future Prospects, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Division on Earth and Life Studies Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation.
  • Genetically Modified (GM) Plants: Questions and Answers - The Royal Society What are genetically modified (GM) plants? Is genetic modification safe? Where are GM crops grown and eaten?
  • Food security is one of this century’s key global challenges, as noted in our earlier report Reaping the Benefits, and due to the scale of the challenge, we should really think carefully before we rule out any technology that might help deal with the problem. The questions and answers given here are intended to provide a resource to those who are interested in what GM is, how it is used and potential future uses.
  • GMO Answers* Genetically modified organisms — GMOs — are a major topic of discussion today. Across our society, media and the Internet, a growing number of people have shared a wide range of questions and emotions on the topic — ranging from excitement and optimism to skepticism and even fear. GMO Answers was created to do a better job answering your questions — no matter what they are — about GMOs. The biotech industry stands 100 percent behind the health and safety of the GM crops on the market today, but we acknowledge that we haven’t done the best job communicating about them — what they are, how they are made, what the safety data says. This website is the beginning of a new conversation among everyone who cares about how our food is grown.
  • GMO Building Blocks GMO Building Blocks is a joint project of Food and Farm Discussion Lab and The goal is to create a set of resources for expanding the understanding of genetic engineering and biotech crops, medicines and other uses of the technology. It is a volunteer run project with no outside funding.
  • Kevin Folta is a professor in and chairman of the Horticultural Sciences Department at the University of Florida, Gainesville. He got his Ph.D. in Molecular Biology from University of Illinois at Chicago in 1998, and he has worked at University of Wisconsin before settling in at University of Florida. Dr. Folta researches the functional genomics of small fruit crops, the plant transformation, the genetic basis of flavors, and studies at photomorphogenesis and flowering. He has also written many publications and edited books, most recently was the 2011 Genetics, Genomics, and Breeding of Berries. Dr. Folta received the NSF CAREER Award, an HHMI Mentoring Award and was recognized as “University of Florida Foundation Research Professor in 2010.
  • Weed Control Freaks Wyoming weed science in (almost) real time. This site covers topics such as: Agroecology, crops, Early Detection Rapid Response, GMO, Herbicide Resistance, Herbicides, Range & Pasture, Research, Sustainable Agriculture, Weather, and more.
  • Scientific Literature influencing the Scientific Consensus on GMOs - Nodes of Science, by Knigel Holmes What is some of the Scientific Literature that has Formed the Scientific Consensus on GMOs?

* Industry-sponsored site. While these sites report information that is consistent with the scientific consensus and published evidence, it is important to note their sponsorship for full transparency.

Health and Disease

Health is the level of functional and metabolic efficiency of a living organism. In humans it is the ability of individuals or communities to adapt and self-manage when facing physical, mental, psychological and social changes. A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism. The study of disease is called pathology which includes the study of cause.

  • Autism Rates in the United States Explained Spectrum, by Jessica Wright In-depth analysis of important topics in autism. Spectrum is leading source of news and expert opinion on autism research. Spectrum provides comprehensive news and analysis of advances in autism research. Through their work, we hope to catalyze new collaborations and perspectives on autism.
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) works 24/7 to protect America from health, safety and security threats, both foreign and in the U.S. Whether diseases start at home or abroad, are chronic or acute, curable or preventable, human error or deliberate attack, CDC fights disease and supports communities and citizens to do the same. CDC increases the health security of our nation. As the nation’s health protection agency, CDC saves lives and protects people from health threats. To accomplish our mission, CDC conducts critical science and provides health information that protects our nation against expensive and dangerous health threats, and responds when these arise.
  • Environmental Health Topics - National Institutes of Health Diseases linked to environmental factors: Conditions & Diseases, Environmental Agents, Environmental Science Basics, Population Research, and the National Toxicology Program (NTP) Information.
  • iBiology iBiology’s mission is to convey, in the form of open-access free videos, the excitement of modern biology and the process by which scientific discoveries are made. Our aim is to let you meet the leading scientists in biology, so that you can find out how they think about scientific questions and conduct their research, and can get a sense of their personalities, opinions, and perspectives. We also seek to support educators who want to incorporate materials that illustrate the process and practice of science into their curriculum. This project is made possible by the good will of many biologists who are committed to making their work broadly accessible and to conveying the excitement of biology to a worldwide audience. (formerly and was developed to bring the best biology to people throughout the world for free.
  • Mayo Clinic The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit medical practice and medical research group based in Rochester, Minnesota. It employs more than 4,500 physicians and scientists and 57,100 allied health staff. The practice specializes in treating difficult cases through tertiary care.
  • Medline Plus - National Institutes of Health, U.S. National Library of Medicine MedlinePlus is the National Institutes of Health’s Web site for patients and their families and friends. Produced by the National Library of Medicine, the world’s largest medical library, it brings you information about diseases, conditions, and wellness issues in language you can understand. MedlinePlus offers reliable, up-to-date health information, anytime, anywhere, for free. You can use MedlinePlus to learn about the latest treatments, look up information on a drug or supplement, find out the meanings of words, or view medical videos or illustrations. You can also get links to the latest medical research on your topic or find out about clinical trials on a disease or condition.
  • MicroNow - American Society for Microbiology MicroNow (formerly known as Microbe World) is a digital platform that aggregates and curates the microbial sciences. A trusted, reliable resource with vetted information in real time. MicroNow will distribute the most up-to-date news, journal articles, preprints, policy updates and other content relating to the microbial sciences. The site will pull relevant preprints from BioRxiv, a free online archive and distribution service for unpublished preprints in the life sciences.
  • Mohawk Valley Population Health Improvement Program (MVPHIP) The Mohawk Valley Population Health Improvement Program (Mohawk Valley PHIP) serves Fulton, Montgomery, Herkimer, Schoharie and Otsego Counties The Mohawk Valley PHIP is charged with providing a forum in which stakeholders including county health departments, hospitals, insurers, agencies and a wide range of other interested parties can review the region’s health status and define key priority areas. Decisions are to be based upon information relating to these counties derived from extensive data gathering and analyses by the Research Institute. The Mohawk Valley PHIP then stimulates and supports strategic planning for identifying, sharing, disseminating and helping to implement best practices and local strategies that promote population health and reduce health care disparities in the five county region.
  • National Institutes of Health The National Institutes of Health (NIH), a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the nation’s medical research agency — making important discoveries that improve health and save lives. NIH is part of theU.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) - National Institutes of Health The mission of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is to advance science on the causes and consequences of drug use and addiction and to apply that knowledge to improve individual and public health. This involves strategically supporting and conducting basic and clinical research on drug use (including nicotine), its consequences, and the underlying neurobiological, behavioral, and social mechanisms involved, and ensuring the effective translation, implementation, and dissemination of scientific research findings to improve the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders and enhance public awareness of addiction as a brain disorder.
  • Spectrum - Deep Dive In-depth analysis of important topics in autism. Spectrum is leading source of news and expert opinion on autism research. Spectrum provides comprehensive news and analysis of advances in autism research. Through their work, we hope to catalyze new collaborations and perspectives on autism.
  • WebMD WebMD provides valuable health information, tools for managing your health, and support to those who seek information. You can trust that our content is timely and credible.


Physics is the natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion and behavior through space and time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. One of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, the main goal of physics is to understand how the universe behaves.

  • American Nuclear Society The American Nuclear Society (ANS) is a not-for-profit, international, scientific and educational organization. It was established by a group of individuals who recognized the need to unify the professional activities within the various fields of nuclear science and technology. December 11, 1954, marks the Society’s historic beginning at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C. ANS has since developed a diverse membership composed of approximately 11,000 engineers, scientists, administrators, and educators representing 1,600 plus corporations, educational institutions, and government agencies. It is governed by four officers and a board of directors elected by the membership.
  • Contemporary Physics Education Project The Contemporary Physics Education Project is a non-profit organization of teachers, educators, and physicists located around the world. CPEP materials present the current understanding of the fundamental nature of matter and energy, incorporating the major research findings of recent years. During the last twenty years, CPEP has distributed almost half a million copies of its charts and other products.
  • minutephysics - (YouTube Channel) Simply put: cool physics and other sweet science. “If you can’t explain it simply, you don’t understand it well enough.” - Albert Einstein
  • The Particle Adventure An award winning tour of quarks, neutrinos, the Higgs boson, extra dimensions, dark matter, accelerators and particle detectors from the Particle Data Group of Lawrence Berkeley National Labroatory.
  • Simple Machines - Game, Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago Help Twitch do his late-night work in the Museum workshop by creating simple machines.
  • Symmetry Symmetry is an online magazine about world of particle physics. Hear the latest news, meet the people behind the science, and get the background information you need to gain fluency in the language of particle physics. Symmetry is a joint publication of Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Symmetry receives funding through the US Department of Energy.


Radiofrequency (RF) is any of the electromagnetic wave frequencies that lie in the range extending from around 3 kHz to 300 GHz, which include those frequencies used for communications or radar signals. RF usually refers to electrical rather than mechanical oscillations. However, mechanical RF systems do exist (ie mechanical filter and RF MEMS).

Although radiofrequency is a rate of oscillation, the term “radiofrequency” or its abbreviation “RF” are used as a synonym for radio — i.e., to describe the use of wireless communication, as opposed to communication via electric wires. Examples include Radiofrequency identification or SO/IEC 14443-2 Radiofrequency power and signal interface

  • Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs, Volumes 1–119 - (PDF), World Health Organization (WHO), International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) IARC Monographs A complete list of agents classified by IARC Monographs. An Intearctive, sortable version is also available, here.
  • Electromagnetic Fields and Public Health: Mobile Phones - World Health Organization (WHO) Mobile or cellular phones are now an integral part of modern telecommunications. In many countries, over half the population use mobile phones and the market is growing rapidly. In 2014, there is an estimated 6.9 billion subscriptions globally. In some parts of the world, mobile phones are the most reliable or the only phones available. Given the large number of mobile phone users, it is important to investigate, understand and monitor any potential public health impact
  • EMF & Health The contributors to this site have a professional background in science and technology. They share a common belief in the value of science and technology. Science and the evolution of scientific knowledge serve the interests of decision makers as well as society as a whole. In seeking to promote a greater understanding of the state of true scientific knowledge of EMF & Health, it is important to distinguish between myth and reality, evidence based science and poor science, and to expose pseudoscience. We hope this web site will help inform and enlighten you about the status of mainstream scientific research on the issue of EMF and Health.
  • Exposure Limits for Radiofrequency Energy: Three Models - Kenneth R. Foster, Department of Bioengineering, University of Pennsylvania, World Health Organization (WHO) This Conference is entitled “Criteria for EMF Standards Harmonization”. Harmonization, used in the present context, is the process of reducing the large discrepancies in EMF exposure standards that are in effect throughout the world.
  • Potential Health Effects of Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) - (PDF), Scientific Committee on Emerging an d Newly Identified Health Risks (SCENIHR) Update to the the January 2009 SCENIHR opinions “Health effects of exposure to EMF” and July 2009 “Research needs and methodology to address the remaining knowledge gaps on the potential health effects of EMF” with the latest information and to give special consideration to areas where important knowledge gaps were identified in the previous Opinion. In addition, biophysical interaction mechanisms and the potential role of co-exposures to environmental stressors are discussed.
  • IARC Press Release: Cell Phones a Possible Carcinogen? - EMF & Health A lot has happened in the past year since IARC issued its report in which it classified cell phones as possibly carcinogenic. We have written a comprehensive update on this report entitled: Are Cell Phones a Possible Carcinogen? An Update on the IARC Report, which is posted on the web site Science Based Medicine. In short the article explains how the evidence on which IARC based its assessment was weak to begin with. It also includes the results of new papers published over the past year that substantially undermine this already weak evidence.
  • Radiation and Your Health: The Electromagnetic Spectrum - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Radiation exists all around us, from both natural and manmade sources, and is in two forms: ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. Non-ionizing radiation exists all around us from many sources. It is to the left of ionizing radiation on the electromagnetic spectrum. Examples include: Radiofrequency (RF) radiation used in many broadcast and communications applications, Microwaves used in the home kitchen, Infrared radiation used in heat lamps, Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and tanning beds.
  • Radiation-Emitting Products: Current Research Results - US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Is there a connection between certain health problems and exposure to radiofrequency fields via cell phone use? The results of most studies conducted to date indicate that there is not. In addition, attempts to replicate and confirm the few studies that did show a connection have failed.
  • The Sun and Other Types of Radiation: Cellular Phone Towers - American Cancer Society Some people have expressed concern that living, working, or going to school near a cell phone tower might increase the risk of cancer or other health problems. At this time, there is very little evidence to support this idea. In theory, there are some important points that would argue against cellular phone towers being able to cause cancer.


A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one of its surface proteins. The agent stimulates the body’s immune system to recognize the agent as a threat, destroy it, and recognize and destroy any of these microorganisms that it later encounters.

  • Debunking Common Myths - Vaccine FYI Science-based information about vaccines. Counteracting the rampant misinformation about vaccines published online, so that you can make the confident decision to vaccinate yourself, your children, and your pets. Vaccines are safe, effective, and necessary.
  • History of Vaccines - The College of Physicians of Philadelphia The History of Vaccines is an award-winning informational, educational website created by The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, one of the oldest medical societies in the United States. A group of prominent Philadelphia physicians, including Declaration of Independence signer Benjamin Rush, established the College in 1787 “to advance the science of medicine and to thereby lessen human misery.”
  • Vaccines - Red Wine & Apple Sauce (blog), By Tara Haelle Tara Haelle writes a lot about vaccines, and hersite has become a resource for many seeking answers about vaccines because she tries to be very conscientious about linking to original studies and transparent about the known risks of vaccination, creating a resource page for new visitors.
  • Vaccines — Calling the Shots - TV Program (53:10), PBS NOVA Diseases that were largely eradicated in the United States a generation ago — whooping cough, measles, mumps — are returning, in part because nervous parents are skipping their children’s shots. NOVA’s “Vaccines — Calling the Shots” takes viewers around the world to track epidemics, explore the science behind vaccinations, hear from parents wrestling with vaccine-related questions, and shed light on the risks of opting out.
  • Vaccines and Herd Immunity - Research on Complex Systems When a person vaccinates against an infectious disease this not only protects that person. The acquired immunity is also beneficial to the rest of population because the immunized person can no longer be a potential transmitter. This cumulative social effect is known as herd immunity. Herd immunity implies that a disease can be eradicated if the fraction of the population that is immune exceeds a critical value.
  • Vaccines & Immunizations - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Learn about protecting your child from infectious diseases, vaccine requirements for day care and school; vaccines you need determined by your age, lifestyle, health conditions, job, international travel; Learn how staying up to date on your vaccinations is all part of a healthy pregnancy, and much more.
  • Vaccine Safety: Examine the Evidence - American Academy of Pediatrics The safety and effectiveness of vaccines are under constant study. Because vaccines are designed to be given routinely during well-child care visits, they must be extraordinarily safe. Safety testing begins as soon as a new vaccine is contemplated, continues until it is approved by the FDA, and is monitored indefinitely after licensure. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) works closely with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to make recommendations for vaccine use. Please examine the evidence for yourself. If you have any questions, speak with your pediatrician.

HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Vaccine

  • Gardasil® 9 Patient Information, Medication Guide - PDF, FDA Human Papillomavirus 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant. Read this information with care before getting GARDASIL®9. This information does not take the place of talking with your health care professional about GARDASIL®9
  • Gardasil vaccine safety - FDA Information from FDA on the Safety of the Gardasil Vaccine.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine (Gardasil) - MedlinePlus Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted virus in the United States. More than half of sexually active men and women are infected with HPV at some time in their lives. HPV can cause cervical cancer in women. Cervical cancer is the 2nd leading cause of cancer deaths among women around the world. In the United States, about 12,000 women get cervical cancer every year and about 4,000 are expected to die from it.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine Safety- CDC Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is very common. Most people — about 9 in 10 — will get an HPV infection at some point in their lives. HPV infections can cause health problems, including several kinds of cancer in both women and men. There are safe and effective vaccines recommended to prevent these health problems from happening.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines - National Cancer Institute This resource covers topics such as: what are human papillomaviruses, which cancers are caused by HPV, who gets HPV infections, can HPV infections be prevented, what HPV vaccines are available, who should get the HPV vaccines, how do HPV vaccines work, and more.
  • HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Vaccine: What You Need to Know (VIS) -, American Academy of Pediatrics HPV vaccine prevents infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) types that are associated with many cancers, including: Cervical cancer in females, Vaginal and vulvar cancers in females, Anal cancer in females and males, Throat cancer in females and males, Penile cancer in males. In addition, HPV vaccine prevents infection with HPV types that cause genital warts in both females and males.

For Kids

Some good science resources for kids in various mediums.


Look for these books in your local library, pick up a copy from a local bookstore or online.

  • I am Albert Einstein - by Brad Meltzer
  • Me…Jane - by Patrick McDonnell
  • Scientists in the Field Series
  • Team Moon - by Catherine Thimmesh
  • The Way Things Work Now - David Macaulay

Online and General Resources

  • A Mighty Girl The world’s largest collection of books and movies for smart, confident, and courageous girls.
  • Brain POP BrainPOP was founded in 1999 by Dr. Avraham Kadar as a creative way to explain difficult concepts to his young patients. Today, they are a trusted learning resource supporting core and supplemental subjects, reaching millions of learners worldwide. Brain POP topics cover STEM, Social Studies, Reading/Writing, English, Health, and the Arts.
  • Crash Course Kids series on YouTube.
  • Frontiers for Young Minds Frontiers for Young Minds provides a collection of freely available scientific articles by distinguished scientists that are shaped for younger audiences by the input of their own young peers.
  • History of The Wheel Imagine a world without wheels. We would have to find an alternative way to drive our vehicles around, our steering “wheels” would likely be steering “squares,” and we wouldn’t even be able to fly to our destinations in the same way anymore. After all, airplanes have to taxi into position before taking off. The wheel is considered to be one of the oldest and most important inventions in the world. (Thanks to Emily and Melissa in Ms. Martin’s class for this suggestion!)
  • Kahn Academy You can learn anything. For free. For everyone. Forever. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Classes include: Math by subject, Math by grade, Science and Engineering, Computing, Arts and Humanities, Economics and Finance, Test prep, College, careers, and more.
  • Ready Jet Go! - interactive site and television show PBS Kids A Kids Place is Exploring Space! Learn about astronomy, technology, the scientific method and earth science, presented in an entertaining and engaging way.
  • Science Friday - with Ira Flatow Covering the outer reaches of space to the tiniest microbes in our bodies, Science Friday is the source for entertaining and educational stories about science, technology, and other cool stuff.
  • Sid the Science Kid - interactive site and television show PBS Kids Watch video, sing songs, and play games with Sid while you explore preschool science.
  • ViHart - YouTube channel Math, science, music and doodling. Series include: Pi and Anti-Pi, Hexaflexagons, Doodling in Math Class, Thanksgiving: Edible Math, Mathemusician Stuff, The Infinite Series, and more.


  • But Why?: A Podcast for Curious Kids Hosted by Jane Lindholm, this podcast from Vermont Public Radio is a podcast where your kids burning science questions get answered by experts in a manner that is fun and digestible for all ages. A great way to pass the time during those long family car rides to Grandma’s!

TV and Video

Stephen Jay Gould

  • Race: The Power of an Illusion

    • TV Series documentary (2003)


    • The Difference Between Us
  • Evolution - TV Mini-Series documentary (2002)

  • Life Beyond Earth - TV Movie documentary (1998)

  • The Sterilization of Leilani Muir - Documentary (1996)

  • Charlie Rose - TV Series (1996)

  • A Glorious Accident

    - TV Mini-Series documentary (1993)


    • Stephen Jay Gould: Unanswerable Questions
    • Rupert Sheldrake: Revolution or Sidetrack?
    • Oliver Sacks: Migrain
  • Dinosaur!- TV Mini-Series documentary (1991)

  • The Tale of a Feather (1991)

  • The Clive James Interview - TV Series (1991)

  • The Infinite Voyage

    - TV Series documentary (1989)


    • The Great Dinosaur Hunt
  • Paradox on 72nd Street - TV Movie documentary (1982)

  • The World About Us

    - TV Series documentary (1980)


    • The Trouble with Evolution…


Some recommended reading. Look for these books in your local library, pick up a copy from a local bookstore or online.

  • A Short History of Nearly Everything – Bill Bryson
  • An Anthropologist on Mars – Oliver Sacks
  • Big Oyster: History on the Half Shell – Mark Kurlansky
  • Cod: A Biography of a Fish That Changed the World – Mark Kurlansky
  • Crucibles: The Story of Chemistry from Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission - Bernard Jaffe
  • Death By Black Hole: And Other Cosmic Quandries – Neil DeGrasse Tyson
  • Evolution: Making Sense of Life - Carl Zimmer
  • Golden Guides - MacMillian, St. Martin’s Press Science and Nature books from the St. Martin’s Press division of MacMillian publising
  • Gotham Unbound: The Ecological History of Greater New York - Ted Steinberg
  • Grunt: The Curious Science of Humans at War - Mary Roach
  • In Suspect Terrain – John McPhee
  • Intelligent Thought: Science Versus the Intelligent Design Movement - John Brockman
  • Isaac’s Storm: A Man, a Time, and the Deadliest Hurricane in History – Erik Larson
  • Light: A Radiant History from Creation to the Quantum Age - Bruce Watson
  • Mendeleyev’s Dream: The Quest for the Elements – Paul Strathern
  • Musicophilia - Oliver Sacks
  • Napoleon’s Buttons: How 17 Molecules Changed History – Penny LeCouteur
  • Nature Wars: The Incredible Story of How Wildlife Comebacks Turned Backyards into Battlegrounds – Jim Sterba
  • Nature’s Building Blocks: An A-Z Guide to the Elements – John Emsley
  • Newton - Peter Ackroyd
  • Quantum Physics for Poets - Christopher T. Hill and Leon M. Lederman
  • Running Silver: Restoring Atlantic Rivers and Their Great Fish Migrations - John Waldman
  • Science Desk Reference
  • Secret Agents: The Menace of Emerging Infections – Madeline Drexler
  • The 13th Element: The Sordid Tale of Murder, Fire, and Phosphorus – John Emsley
  • The Beak of the Finch: A Story of Evolution in Our Time - Jonathan Weiner
  • The Big Burn: Teddy Roosevelt and the Fire that Saved America – Timothy Egan
  • The Clockwork Universe - Edward Dolnick
  • The Disappearing Spoon: And Other True Tales of Madness, Love, and the History of the World from the Periodic Table of the Elements – Sam Kean
  • The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison – John Emsley
  • The Ghost Hunters: William James and the Hunt for Scientific Proof of Life After Death – Deborah Blum
  • The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History – John Barry
  • The Jasons: The Secret History of Science’s Postwar Elite – Ann Finkbeiner
  • The Jesuit and the Skull – Amir Aczel
  • The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat – Oliver Sacks
  • The Origin of Species – Charles Darwin
  • The Poisoner’s Handbook: Murder and the Birth of Forensic Medicine in Jazz Age New York – Deborah Blum
  • The Science of Kissing - Sheril Kirshenbaum
  • The Science of Paintings - James W. Mayer
  • The Thing Explainer - Randall Munroe
  • The Way Things Work Now - David Macaulay
  • The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl – Timothy Egan
  • What The Simpsons can Teach us About Science - Paul Halpern
  • Your Inner Fish – Neil Shubin
  • Zero: The Biography of a Dangerous Number - Charles Seife


Some recommended podcasts. Great for your commute, workout, or in general. All of these podcasts are available for free on iTunes, or any other podcast app. Note: downloading and streaming uses a lot of data, best to download them on WiFi for off-line listening later. Happy histening and learning!

  • 60 Second Science - Scientific American Tune in every weekday for quick reports and commentaries on the world of science — it’ll just take a minute.
  • Base Pairs – a Cold Spring Harbor Lab podcast Each month, Base Pairs tells stories that convey the power of genetic information — past and present.
  • But Why?: A Podcast for Curious Kids Hosted by Jane Lindholm, this podcast from Vermont Public Radio is a podcast where your kids burning science questions get answered by experts in a manner that is fun and digestible for all ages. A great way to pass the time during those long family car rides to Grandma’s! *
  • People Behind the Science In each episode, a different scientist will guide us through their journey by sharing their successes, failures, and passions. We are excited to introduce you to these inspiring academic and industry experts from all fields of science to give you a variety of perspectives on the life and path of a scientist.
  • Radio Lab - WNYC A beautifully produced podcast and radio show from WNYC that can also be heard weekly on your local NPR station. Though not currently releasing regular new episodes there is an impressive archive of fascinating science stories to consume on-line. You will fall in love with ying-and-yang hosts, Jad Abumrad and Robert Krulwich, as they weave their way through the science with the help of experts. If you enjoy this, you might also check out their new mini-series, More Perfect, which uses many of the same tools to take listeners through the fascinating and often surprisingly dramatic history of the Supreme Court. *
  • Science Friday Covering the outer reaches of space to the tiniest microbes in our bodies, Science Friday is the source for entertaining and educational stories about science, technology, and other cool stuff. You can isten to Science Friday live on Fridays from 2-4 p.m. ET.
  • Science Talk - Scientific American Join host Steve Mirsky (@Steve Mirsky) each week as he explores the latest developments in science and technology through interviews with leading scientists and journalists.
  • Science Vs. A fantastic podcast from Gimlet Media that tackles some of the most controversial and opinion filled topics by delving into the science. It is hosted by the delightful and enthusiastic Wendy Zuckerman, and has just released it’s second season by reviewing all of the science behind the hot button talking points surrounding Immigration, and the unfortunately relevant to my life, issue of Acne. *
  • Star Talk Radio Hosted by beloved astrophysicist, Neil deGrasse Tyson (@neiltyson), explores the intersection of Pop Culture and Science. The show covers topics like the Big Bang, Space Exploration, and the future of Earth with the added spice of comedian co-hosts, celebrities, and brilliant scientists. *
  • Story Collider It was recently reported that a lot of Americans do not personally know a single scientist. Well, this podcast will introduce you to a diverse group of everyday scientists. In this The Moth style podcast, scientist tell moving and fascinating stories about their life and work with often intense passion and a personal touch. *
  • Talking Biotech An evidence-based discussion of genetic engineering (GMO), plant/animal domestication, breeding, and other genetic improvement hosted by Dr. Kevin Folta.
  • The Naked Scientists Based at Cambridge University’s Institute of Continuing Education (ICE), the Naked Scientists are a team of scientists, doctors and communicators whose passion is to help the general public to understand and engage with the worlds of science, technology and medicine. Created and launched in 2001 by Chris Smith, the Naked Scientists was one of the first podcasts to exist and is now one of the world’s most popular science shows, achieving over 50 million programme downloads in the last 5 years.
  • The Pulse - NPR Go on a sonic adventure into unexpected corners of the health and science world each week with host Maiken Scott. Created by WHYY in Philadelphia.
  • You’re the Expert You’re the Expert is a hilarious mash-up of science and comedy, presented in a Game Show format. Host, Chris Duffy, with the help of a panel of comedians, interviews a scientist each week to learn about their work, life, and whatever the curious panel might ask The Expert.

General Resources

Some good general science resources in various mediums.

  • A Mighty Girl The world’s largest collection of books and movies for smart, confident, and courageous girls.

  • Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science at Stony Brook University The Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science empowers scientists and health professionals to communicate complex topics in clear, vivid, and engaging ways; leading to improved understanding by the public, media, patients, elected officials, and others outside of their own discipline.

  • Brain POP BrainPOP was founded in 1999 by Dr. Avraham Kadar as a creative way to explain difficult concepts to his young patients. Today, they are a trusted learning resource supporting core and supplemental subjects, reaching millions of learners worldwide. Brain POP topics cover STEM, Social Studies, Reading/Writing, English, Health, and the Arts.

  • Biointeractive - Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) At BioInteractive, you can find award-winning multimedia resources, including apps, animations, videos, interactives, and virtual labs, to bring the excitement of scientific discovery into your classroom. Their rich video resources range from a series of short films on evolution, hosted by an award-winning author-scientist, to lectures on the brain given by a Nobel-prize winner — all supplemented by teacher guides and classroom activities. Our team members include scientists, artists, and educational experts.

  • Breakthroughs & Horizons in Bioscience - Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) The Breakthroughs in Bioscience series illustrates recent breakthroughs in biomedical research and their importance to society. It also highlights the important role animal models play in biomedical research and discovery.

  • Fact-Checking Science - The Happy Scientist With so much focus on the availability of science information in the news, The Happy Scientist, Robert Krampf, shares some of his science fact checking articles and videos.

  • Golden Guides - MacMillian, St. Martin’s Press Science and Nature books from the St. Martin’s Press division of MacMillian publishing.

  • Informal Science The Center for Advancement of Informal Science Education (CAISE) works in cooperation with the National Science Foundation’s (NSF) Advancing Informal Science Technology Engineering and Math (STEM) Learning (AISL) Program to build and advance the informal STEM education field by providing infrastructure, resources and connectivity for educators, researchers, evaluators, and other interested stakeholders. CAISE also convenes inquiry groups, workshops and principal investigator meetings designed to facilitate discussion and identify the needs and opportunities for informal STEM learning practitioners working in media (TV, radio, film, social), science centers and museums, zoos and aquariums, parks, botanical gardens and nature centers, events and festivals, libraries, making and tinkering spaces, cyberlearning and gaming,and youth, community, and out-of-school time programs.

  • Nature Outlooks - Nature Nature Outlooks tackle topics of scientific, clinical and societal interest, giving a comprehensive picture of the current state of knowledge and the hottest areas of research. They present news features written by top science journalists and commentary pieces from leading academic and industry thinkers. A Nature Outlook might focus on a disease, technological innovation or a field of particularly intense scientific progress. Outlooks target a generalist, scientifically literate audience, while maintaining Nature’s strong evidence-based editorial values. As such, Outlooks offer a unique opportunity for sponsors to report their scientific advances in the pages of Nature alongside relevant, independent and accessible content.

  • Nobel Prize Winners The official web site of the Nobel Prize. The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural or scientific advances.

  • Not Exactly Rocket Science - National Geographic *Note:* After 10 years, this blog was shut down 1/11/2017. However, all prior blog posts are still available to read.

  • Terrapin Bright Green Terrapin Bright Green believes that reconnecting people with the environment (technology and nature) will lead to a healthy, prosperous, and regenerative future for all. We leverage high-performance design, whole systems thinking, and research in biophilic design, bioinspired innovation, and ecological design to make this goal a reality.

  • The Animated Life of A. R. Wallace - Op-Docs This animated short video illustrates the life of Alfred Russel Wallace, who independently formulated the theory independently conceiving the theory of evolution through natural selection. this series is a celebration of scientific pioneers and discoveries that changed the way we see the world. *

  • The Smithsonian Smithsonian magazine and place a Smithsonian lens on the world, looking at the topics and subject matters researched, studied and exhibited by the Smithsonian Institution — science, history, art, popular culture and innovation — and chronicling them every day for our diverse readership.


    • @realscientists Real science from real scientists, writers, communicators, artists and clinicians.


    • iceiceNaomi A peek into life as an oceanographer, on Antarctic research cruises.